Teaching tots to share
“No, it’s mine!”
If your toddler frequently announces his toys are off limits to others, it’s probably time to teach him how to share.
“Sharing doesn’t come naturally; that’s why it’s difficult to teach,” says Susan Heid, a certified parent coach in Mill Creek.
Heid says providing an environment that encourages your toddler to take turns with his toys is a good first step. Set up play dates and be present when children are playing so you can see what’s going on.
But before you’re expecting another toddler to come over, you can ask your child to choose five (or any random amount of) toys he doesn’t want his friend to play with, and put those away where they can’t be seen.
Modeling and mirroring
“Don’t assume your child knows what ‘sharing’ or ‘taking turns’ means,” says Corinne Gregory, founder and president of SocialSmarts, a Bellevue program that teaches kids positive social skills, character and values. “You have to make it concrete for them, and often that starts with you sharing with them, explaining what sharing is and why it’s important.”
For example, you can share your sandwich or a book — something of yours that interests your child but he doesn’t have regular access to. And at the same time explain what “sharing” means.
According to Gregory, practicing mirroring also ingrains the concept of sharing. That means you ask the child how they would like to be treated if their roles were reversed. “If Susie had a toy you wanted to play with, would you want her to share the toy with you?”
Use the right words
“Until your child is older (5 or so), you’ll want to use the word ‘share’ consistently when you want them to exhibit that behavior,” says Gregory. “Don’t confuse them by adding a different term like ‘give him your toy to play with for awhile’ or a similar variation.”
Heid also warns that you can easily “overtalk” the issue. Use words sparingly to explain and ask for sharing or you’ll lose your audience, she says.
“With even the smallest positive action, give copious praise,” says Gregory. “It’s not easy for the little ones to take turns and sacrifice precious things to others.” Gregory suggests using the word “share” in your praise. “For example, ‘I was so proud of you when you shared your toy trucks with Sean. That’s a very generous thing to do,’” Gregory says.
Although “generous” is a big word for a little one, your child will start to tie the concept of sharing to being generous and he’ll know it’s a good thing to do, says Gregory.
Gregory says that sharing doesn’t always have to mean giving up something completely, as you would with a toy.
“You can use good examples of ‘division’ to illustrate sharing. For, example if you have one piece of pie. Explain to your child that he and his sister would both like that piece of pie, but unfortunately there’s only one piece,” says Gregory. “Show him how you can ‘divide’ the pie so that each of them has a piece.”
If your goal is to get your toddler to share with a friend, Heid suggests role playing before the situation happens.
“Saying, ‘I have this, do you want to play with it? I’m going to share it with you,’ reinforces the word share,” says Heid.
Remember to put “sharing” in a perspective your child understands, says Gregory. “If ‘sharing’ during a play date means each child gets the “special” toy for five minutes, then set a timer for five minutes,” Gregory says. “When the timer goes off, the toy goes to the next person or comes back to its owner.”
Heid urges you to decide on the consequences before they are ever needed. And be consistent.
“If you’re going to institute a time-out (one to two minutes) for not sharing, then it needs to be consistent. Parents always need to be patient and consistent in their expectations,” Heid says.
As a parent, you know when a struggle is likely to escalate and when children, especially yours, are more apt to use their problem-solving skills and work the problem out, so using that knowledge is in your best interests, says Heid.
A little struggle is inevitable, so don’t fret if you run into some obstacles while teaching sharing. This, too, shall pass.
Heather Larson is a Federal Way-based freelance writer.
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