Preschool | Ages 0–2 | Ages 3–5 | Ages 6–10

Music Matters: Nurturing Musical Literacy

Musical literacyCuddling over a book, we read to our children, sharing sounds and showing how speech matches letters on a page. In this way, we build literacy: Children become the readers and speakers of our native languages.

But what of our native musical languages? Like speech, they surround us, and we, our children’s loving companions, are their natural first teachers.

“You can send a kid to preschool to learn to read, but what if you didn’t read at home? Imagine your kid trying to develop language skills if you didn’t speak,” says Steven Demorest of the University of Washington’s Laboratory for Music Cognition, Culture and Learning.

Music literacy matters. “Music is a unique way of using your brain,” says Demorest, a longtime performer and conductor of the UW Men’s Glee Club. “Music is not necessarily going to make you a better scientist, but a lot of scientists are really good musicians.”

Music brain power

How can parents help build musical brainpower in their children?

First, resolve to “speak music” at home. Even if you think you can’t sing, sing. “Singing is the most beautiful thing. The instrument that we are trying to imitate on any other instrument is the voice,” says Seattle Symphony music director Ludovic Morlot.

And let your kids listen to other children croon. “Provide recordings of good children’s singing,” says UW music professor Patricia Shehan Campbell, who wrote the book on kids and music (Music in Childhood). “Recognize that singing might not be the most innate musical strength of that child. For some, it might be percussion or dance. It may be listening, imagining or hearing things others might not hear.”

A combination of music and movement is a hallmark of early childhood music education. Campbell suggests parents help preschoolers develop listening tools before age 6 or 7. “They should ask their children, ‘Is the sound loud or soft? Does the pitch go up or down?’”

“Babies and toddlers love to run around the room dancing to rhythmic music and shaking noise makers — and moms love to watch them,” says cellist Paige Stockley, a mom, performer and teacher at Seattle’s Cornish College of the Arts. “When it’s time to get serious about music, about age 6 is a good time to start private lessons.”

Check out local programs. “Kindermusik, Musikgarten and Music Together are all wonderful tools for the youngest child,” says Campbell. As for technology, she says, “There’s plenty that can be acquired with music apps for developing the ear, allowing children to compose little things.” Campbell feels human interaction is also important. “There’s nothing like old-fashioned lullabies at bedtime,” she says.

She also suggests exposing children to the Northwest’s many cultural festivals and music programs. Kids can play with real instruments at Benaroya Hall’s Soundbridge or at one of the Music Center of the Northwest’s instrument petting zoos. “Music is an extremely sophisticated language, but if it starts at birth, it’s an effortless, seamless process,” says Seattle Musikgarten teacher Nancy Kubo.

how old are kids when they play an instrumentMore music options

With the popular Suzuki method, kids and parents learn music together — parents attend lessons and take notes. Seattle Symphony principal violist Susan Gulkis Assadi began playing as a 3-year-old Suzuki violinist. Now she accompanies her own 7- and 9-year-old daughters to their Suzuki violin lessons.

“I remember each of those pieces they are learning!” says Gulkis Assadi, laughing. “Whatever method, whatever route you go, the most important thing is finding a teacher the child loves, and the parents can love.”

ParentMap blogger Lea Geller acknowledged her own lack of musical literacy when she brought a piano, then a teacher (Rob Frain) into her home.

On a recent afternoon in the Gellers’ living room, Frain bantered about football before settling into a lesson with 8-year-old Efrem. Later, he gently encouraged 4-year-old Fiona as she learned the difference between playing with her left hand and right hand.

Frain suggests that before parents sign their child up for private lessons, they should consider that child’s readiness to follow instructions and pay attention.

If your child is not ready for individual instruction, check out nearby resources and facilities: Are there instruments at your child’s school? Is there an elementary-school orchestra? How about a chorus? Does your place of worship have a children’s choir?

“Groups of young children can make amazing sounds,” says Demorest. He encourages parents to find a choir and start children singing in harmony as young as 4 or 5. That’s how we build a shared language, and maybe best of all, a sense of the real meaning of harmony.

Seattle-based writer and longtime classical music broadcaster Gigi Yellen has lately been hosting evening music on Northwest Public Radio.


  • Music Center of the Northwest, 901 N. 96th St., Seattle. Infants through adults. Programs include Music Together, Suzuki, individual lessons, ensembles and instrument petting zoos.
  • Musicworks Northwest, 14360 SE Eastgate Way, Bellevue. Programs include Skype lessons, music therapy, Suzuki group guitar and jazz.
  • Kindermusik. Classes are offered at Soundbridge, Second Avenue at Union Street, Seattle, and many other locations around the Puget Sound area.
  • Music Together. Enter your ZIP code on the website to find a convenient location.
  • Musikgarten Seattle in Magnolia (or find a closer one by entering your ZIP code at Progressive stages through age 9.
  • University of Washington School of Music. Jenni Campbell, admissions and outreach coordinator, can suggest a teacher for your child.


Does your house of worship have a children’s choir? Here are some other great places to start.

Read Next